Secretaries of State Since WWII

This section gives information on each Secretary of State since World War II.  In addition to brief text and references, video clips on several are also included.



James Addison Baker III -- 1989-1992

James Baker came to the Department of State having previously served Republican administrations as White House Chief of Staff and Secretary of the Treasury. During his tenure, as the Cold War ended, he negotiated arms control agreements with the Soviet Union, gave U.S. support to German reunification, and convened an ambitious Middle East peace conference. Most notably, he worked side-by-side with President George H.W. Bush to build the international coalition that successfully turned around Iraq’s 1990 invasion of Kuwait and restored that nation’s independence. In mid-1992 he resigned to again become White House Chief of Staff and oversee Bush’s unsuccessful reelection campaign.

  • Baker, James A., III (with Thomas M. DeFrank). The Politics of Diplomacy: Revolution, War and Peace, 1989-1992 New York: GP Putnam's Sons, 1995.