Secretaries of State Since WWII

This section gives information on each Secretary of State since World War II.  In addition to brief text and references, video clips on several are also included.



Warren Minor Christopher -- 1993-1997

By profession an international lawyer, Warren Christopher used those skills effectively within the State Department, first as Deputy Secretary under President Jimmy Carter and later as Secretary of State under President Clinton. During the Carter administration he skillfully negotiated the release of 52 American hostages in Iran in 1981, helped strengthen relations with the People's Republic of China at the time of normalization of relations in 1979, and led the effort to win Senate ratification of the Panama Canal treaties. While Secretary he was deeply involved in seeking Arab-Israeli peace agreements and in negotiating a peace in Bosnia. One of his proudest moments was his visit to Vietnam in 1996 following the successful negotiations to normalize relations with the nation that had played such a traumatic role in contemporary U.S. foreign policy.

  • Christopher, Warren M. and Paul H. Kreisburg. American Hostages in Iran: The Conduct of a Crisis. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1985.
  • Christopher, Warren M. Chances of a Lifetime. New York: Scribner, 2001.
  • Christopher, Warren M. and Mike Sewell. In the Stream of History: Shaping Foreign Policy for a New Era. Palo Alto, CA: Stanford University Press, 1998.